The boserup thesis

This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as " agricultural intensification ". Some field-based tests support the proposed curvilinear relationship, or parts of it, while other studies suggest a linear relationship in which the gap is not closed Datta Gupta ; Forsythe et al.

Can you think of other resources that humans compete for? She suggested that food production can, and will, increase to match the needs of the population.

While this seems like a 21st-century problem, it is actually a question that has concerned economists for hundreds of years and farmers since the first days of agriculture.

what did esther boserup believe about population growth

After all, her agricultural interests were directed to household or domestic production, and her gender gap is predicated on understanding that modernization disrupts established household gender roles, which includes reproductive and productive elements. This shared position, WAD argues, changes only if international social structures change.

Ester boserup agriculture

Boserup saw this fallowing reduction as the central theme in agrarian history and the centrepiece around which the Malthusian debates over overpopulation and famine ultimately turned cf. Boserup's text evaluated how work was divided between men and women, the types of jobs that constituted productive work, and the type of education women needed to enhance development. Boserup explicitly recognized the role of societal structures in the development process. Is there a limit? However, Boserup argued that in those times of pressure, people will find ways to increase the production of food by increasing workforce, machinery, fertilizers, etc. The large and sustained impact of this work has at least a three-fold explanation. Therefore, workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. But the population has not stopped growing. Many liberal feminists took Boserup's analysis further to argue that the costs of modern economic development were shouldered by women. After all, her agricultural interests were directed to household or domestic production, and her gender gap is predicated on understanding that modernization disrupts established household gender roles, which includes reproductive and productive elements. But as demand for food increases, supplies come under greater pressure. Annual and finally multiple cropping appear as responses to continued population pressure. Drawing on her knowledge of farming in the developing world, where populations were growing quickly, Boserup argued that the threat of starvation and the challenge of feeding more mouths motivates people to improve their farming methods and invent new technologies in order to produce more food.

Boserup envisages a progressive series of fallow reductions driven by the pressure of population and the threat of exceeding carrying capacity. WAD champions a socioeconomic class view in which unempowered men share the same unfavourable fates in the development process as do most women.

ester boserup theory date

Signs 16 4 : Boserup argued that western-led development reduced the status of and opportunities for women. These concerns, however, were not explicitly inserted into her base thesis.

Her thesis was so obvious in hindsight, it is somewhat difficult to understand why it was so challenging.

Rated 9/10 based on 114 review
Download
Ester Boserup: An Interdisciplinary Visionary Relevant for Sustainability