Principals should have the authority to check anything on campus including student lockers

If a student consents to the search of her purse, for example, an administrator may not search her locker unless the search of the purse provides probable cause or reasonable suspicion to search the locker.

YES, you have the right to refuse a search just as you have that right with school officials.

can a teacher search your backpack

Is the testing procedure reliable and minimally intrusive? In both these cases, searching lockers is an obvious and reasonable response to a threat to student welfare.

should schools have the right to search students personal property

The US Supreme Court has also stated that the manner in which the search is conducted must be "reasonably related to the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of the age and sex of the student and the nature of the infraction.

The odor of marijuana in the hall does not provide reasonable suspicion to search all students' book bags, purses, and pockets Burnham v.

In the final analysis, school personnel should balance the student's expectation of privacy with the school's unique need to create and preserve a safe learning and working environment.

Should schools search students lockers and backpacks

School administrators face severe threats to school safety and are simultaneously held increasingly accountable to the public and policymakers to keep students safe. West, F. Even so, students still have rights, and knowing which searches are illegal might just save your child some time in front of the school board. Todd v. The answer depends on whether the court views law enforcement personnel assigned to the school as school officials or law enforcement officials. State of Florida, So. Miller v. In New Jersey v. Burnham v. In fact, most courts conclude that such detection is not a search because the dogs merely sniff the air around the property and that students do not have an expectation of privacy in the air around their belongings. In any case, how often are lockers directly implicated in the crimes listed opposite? Heirtzler, No. YES, but there are limits. Drug-testing programs are another form of a random search. An experienced drug counselor's observation of a student who appears distracted and has bloodshot eyes and dilated pupils justifies taking the student's blood pressure and pulse Bridgman v.

Plumas Unified School District, YES, so long as the students searched are picked randomly. Other safety techniques — such as metal detectors, sniffer dogs, security guards — may be useful too, but they are not mutually exclusive to locker searches.

In addition to general searches of lockers, particular individuals are often suspected of activity, Although the search was found to be illegal by the courts and the student did not face criminal prosecution, he could not suppress the evidence at the school board hearing.

But if your locker is considered school property, then your locker can be searched. Texas

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Schools Has the Right to Search Student's Lockers