Overview of johann sebastian bachs work and contribution to music

Johann sebastian bach music

Bach excelled at counterpoint - the composition of two superimposed independent lines so that each makes musical sense by itself, but also combines seamlessly with the other. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach. By he had probably learned all that his German predecessors could teach him and arrived at a first synthesis of northern and southern German styles. Bach collected his cantatas in annual cycles. For more information email imagesonline bl. When The Art of Fugue was almost complete, Bach became ill, owing to complications from an eye operation. Entitled Vor deinen Thron tret ich hiermit Before thy throne I now appear, BWV a ; when the notes on the three staves of the final cadence are counted and mapped onto the Roman alphabet, the initials "JSB" are found. The prince was a Calvinist and did not use elaborate music in his worship; accordingly, most of Bach's work from this period was secular, [45] including the orchestral suites , cello suites , sonatas and partitas for solo violin , and Brandenburg Concertos. On the smallest level, many of his sacred works contain short motifs that, by recurrent association, can be regarded as pictorial symbolism and articulations of liturgical concepts. Endowed with an extraordinary inspiration, he exploits all the resources of polyphony and, at the end of the life, half blind, he was forced to dictate his " Art of the Fugue" being unable to finish it himself. To the right of the organ in a side gallery would have been the winds, brass and timpani; to the left were the strings. For each major and minor key of the 12 notes of the scale there is a free-flowing prelude, followed by a tightly-constructed fugue, totalling 24 preludes and 24 fugues. To so do he did not hesitate to walk more than km! Thus, Bach's inventive genius was almost entirely directed towards working within the structures he inherited, according to most critics and historians. He later extended this work into a full Mass, by adding a Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei, the music for which was almost wholly taken from some of the best of his cantata movements.

Consisting mainly of recycled movements from cantatas written over a thirty-five-year period, it allowed Bach to survey his vocal pieces one last time and pick select movements for further revision and refinement. To some extent, no doubt, he accepted engagements because he needed money—he complained in that his income was less than he had been led to expect he remarked that there were not enough funerals —but, obviously, his routine work must have suffered.

His compositions represent the best of the Baroque era. St Thomas's Church, Leipzig, in the 21st centuryBach's job required him to instruct the students of the Thomasschule in singing and to provide weekly music at the two main churches in Leipzig, St.

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Related to his cherished role as teacher was his drive to encompass whole genres by producing collections of movements that thoroughly explore the range of artistic and technical possibilities inherent in those genres.

They had 7 children, 4 of whom survived to adulthood.

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Although the mass was never performed during the composer's lifetime, it is considered to be among the greatest of his choral works. There are too few datable works. There is amusing evidence of a certain thriftiness—a necessary virtue, for he was never more than moderately well off and he delighted in hospitality. Geyersbach retorted that while he [Bach] might not have maligned him, he had maligned his bassoon at some time, and whoever insulted his belongings insulted him as well He composed the Cantatas and the great Oratorios. What does this image show? As the latter was not sure that he would be able to accept, Bach gave a trial performance Cantata No. It was temporarily dispelled by the tact of the new rector, Johann Matthias Gesner , who admired Bach and had known him at Weimar; but Gesner stayed only until and was succeeded by Johann August Ernesti, a young man with up-to-date ideas on education , one of which was that music was not one of the humanities but a time-wasting sideline. Bach's style is baroque, characterised by lots of notes, simple motoric rhythms, and steady shifts of underlying harmony - it was derided by some as 'sewing-machine music'.

Bach clearly shared his love of music with his children. It attracted little attention and was reissued in with a laudatory preface by Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurga well-known Berlin musician who later became director of the royal lottery.

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Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences. He invested the chorale prelude, already a standard set of Lutheran forms, with a more cogent, tightly integrated architecture, in which the intervallic patterns and melodic contours of the tune were typically treated in a dense, contrapuntal lattice against relatively slow-moving, overarching statements of the tune.

Legacy In his later years and after his death, Bach's reputation as a composer declined: his work was regarded as old-fashioned compared to the emerging classical style.

johann sebastian bach facts

According to one popular legend of the young composer's curiosity, late one night, when the house was asleep, he retrieved a manuscript which may have been a collection of works by Johann Christoph's former mentor, Johann Pachelbel from his brother's music cabinet and began to copy it by the moonlight.

This challenging schedule, which basically amounted to writing an hour's worth of music every week, in addition to his more menial duties at the school, produced some of his best music, most of which has been preserved.

Nothing came of this, but he played at the Katharinenkirke in the presence of Reinken. Matthew Passion among his greatest masterpieces; in his correspondence, he referred to it as his 'great Passion' and carefully prepared a calligraphic manuscript of the work, which required every available musician in town for its performance.

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List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach