Internet the objectivity of search engines essay

These collaborative features include wikis with Wikipedia being the best know exampleas well as blogs and social networking applications such as Facebook and Twitter.

But perhaps MapQuest and Yahoo! Bob could also engage in self-help SEO to try to boost his ranking.

Ethics in social media and technology essay

Search-engine critics thus aim to keep search engines—although in the U. To give Foundem—and every other website currently enjoying a good search ranking—the right to continue where it is would lock in search results for all time, obliterating search-engine experimentation and improvement. But even those who acknowledge that search is subjective sometimes write as though it were not. However, since this kind of bias also applies to design issues affecting Web browsers, it is not peculiar to search engines per se. However, other schemes can also be used to influence the privileging of some sites over others, in terms of both their inclusion vs. But it would also be disastrous to adopt the opposite point of view and presume pretext. We will see how technical developments in each era have had some implications for the cluster of ethical issues examined in Section 3. KEI is based on both the number of searches popularity for a keyword and the level of competition for the same. There is also a kind of Rawlsian argument here, that algorithmic decisions should be made from behind a veil of ignorance, not knowing which websites they will favor. The only thing I had to do after that was to click on the website. The U. Cookies technology is not only embedded in the design of contemporary Web browsers, it is also used by major search engine companies to acquire information about users.

Other defenders of Google point out that the search engine giant did not act alone because major U. There has been considerable speculation as to why this is the case, but we briefly examine two reasons that have been prominent in discussions in the literature: a the interests of advertisers who sponsor search engines; and b schemes used by technically-savvy individuals and organizations to manipulate the ordered ranking of sites returned by search engines.

Antitrust, however approaches such questions with a well-developed analytical toolkit: relevant markets, market power, pro-competitive and anti-competitive effects, and so on. On the website side, the web is anything but neutral. And Hinman notes that the Chinese government also received cooperation from other American companies, such as Cisco Systems, in establishing the infrastructure or backbone components of its Internet firewall.

Ethics stanford encyclopedia of philosophy

These sources of information have greatly evolved over the past two decades and are continuing to become more efficient. Differentiating among websites, without something more, is not wrongful. Search engines provide a way for one to quickly and efficiently find information scattered across the enormous network of servers known as the World Wide Web. He also notes that the search algorithm will generate different results for someone it determines to be an oil company executive vs. These collaborative features include wikis with Wikipedia being the best know example , as well as blogs and social networking applications such as Facebook and Twitter. Although Netscape Navigator was a Web browser, and not a search engine, it provided a forum in which many specialized Web search engine companies were able to flourish. They have argued that PPI deserves greater legal and normative protection than it currently has. Google refused to turn over the information. Some question whether a lack of objectivity with respect to the results returned to users in response to their search queries is necessarily a problem. What makes ranking so problematic? My knowledge on this topic does not extend beyond the well-established fact that Stuxnet has indeed had a profound impact on cyber warfare, as it was the first instance of Compaison of any two Search En words - 2 pages Comparison of any two Search Engines e. I would like to be clear up front about the limits of my argument.

Search-neutrality advocates fear that Bob will pay off the search engine to point users at his site. Government, where the political and economic impact would be far more significant. There are number of different engines that can be used for different types of searches and can be narrowed for optimal results.

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Some Skepticism About Search Neutrality