A personal view on animal rights and the treatment of livestock

Animal rights and animal cruelty has been a growing problem throughout our society for many years and without proper education and punishment, will be ever growing for years to come. For privacy policy reasons, we will not publish student comments that include a last name.

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It has generally been very difficult to obtain good information about the consumption of antimicrobial agents in human and veterinary medicine as well as the amounts added to feed for growth-promoting purposes.

This review provides an overview of the use of antimicrobial agents for livestock, excluding aquaculture, and of the importance of the livestock reservoir for current and emerging antimicrobial resistance in human pathogens.

A personal view on animal rights and the treatment of livestock

There is still limiting data on both use of antimicrobial agents, occurrence and spread of resistance as well as impact on human health. In table 1 , a number of factors that in my personal opinion may influence the question of whether or not to use antimicrobial agents for livestock are listed. We put wild animals on display. Humans should not kill or harm animals purposefully, just as they should not purposefully harm other humans. Khartoum, a movie based on a holy war in the Sudan desert, directed by Basil Dearden and Eliot Elisofon, used horses a great deal, but did not use the special effects in order to not hurt the animals. In modern food-animal production, as in human medicine, antimicrobial agents are used therapeutically for specific treatment of infections in clinically sick animals, preferably with a bacteriological diagnosis. Besides the many benefits thereof, this can also create serious health problems. Doubts about the ethics of castrating domestic animals were raised as early as The struggle against this tyranny is a struggle as important as any of the moral and social issues that have been fought over in recent years.

Besides sulfonamides, streptomycin and tetracycline, other antibiotics including penicillin were also found to have a growth-promoting effect [ 1415 ]. It can be argued that this is just an expansion of the hardship of human equality, and just as we were once desensitized to others race or gender, we are now doing the same to animals.

In table 1a number of factors that in my personal opinion may influence the question of whether or not to use antimicrobial agents for livestock are listed.

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The benefits animals bring along with a clear definition of just what rights animals are entitled to are the main issues of the argument. Our knowledge is still incomplete since most DNA sequences are from various clinical and pathogenic isolates, with comparatively little from environmental species. It is widely accepted that experimentation on animals, and its benefits for people, will entail some distress and death. As prophylactics: this is the treatment of healthy animals in a period where they are either stressed or in other ways susceptible to prevent disease. Students 13 and older are invited to comment below. He holds the interests of all beings capable of suffering to be worthy of equal consideration and that giving lesser consideration to beings based on their species is no more justified than discrimination based on skin color. We kill them for food. Mitigating losses through reduced mortality [ 6 ], reducing damage to carcasses through reducing bruising, injuries and the incidence of pale soft meat PSE in pigs [ 7 ] and dark cutting dark firm and dry [ 8 ] in beef cattle—both signs of significant stresses caused to the animal before its death—are cited as key benefits of addressing animal welfare concerns [ 9 ]. An example of an animal law that does not recognize the rights of animals as discussed above, but protects to a certain extent their welfare, is the Animal Welfare Act. Brian Onishi PHIL 15 Dec Animal Rights in Factory Farms The idea that industrial farming is bad for the environment is well known, but what people do not think about is horrible practice of factory farms within industrial farming.

For humans in the USA, a total of tonnes of antibiotics were sold in [ 27 ]. See Gary L. Meat Animal Research Center, a complex of laboratories and pastures that sprawls over 55 square miles in Clay Center, Neb.

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Sunstein, The Rights of Animals, 70 U. Or, the same penalty for their abuse? Data for precise risk assessments are also scare, because there is no systematic registration of the burden associated with infections in humans caused by resistant bacteria and thus no impact factor to include in risk assessments. For example, the recent Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission-sanctioned bear hunt in Florida, in which hundreds of bears, including 38 lactating mothers, were killed by sport hunters, shows that we have a very long way to go to protect all animals. In other countries animal protection laws are in place that are strictly enforced and seem to work well with the system. This led Singer to inquire as to why. They are conducted by a taxpayer-financed federal institution called the U. This is a question that has received much attention — and has been much misapprehended — in recent years. From the food on the table, the work they provide, the products in stores, or as a companion animals are interwoven into the fabric of everyday life. Byas, So. However, even such simple choices face the prescriber with a number of difficult ethical questions [ 22 ]. In the USA, the total consumption of antimicrobial agents increased tremendously from to This article addresses these concepts in an attempt to aid the lawyer challenged by the need to understand the issues associated with this distinction in practice, and to aid all lawyers and interested others with understanding these concepts in the marketplace of legal, political, and social ideas. These experiments are not the work of a meat processor or rogue operation.

We put wild animals on display. Whereas the use of antimicrobial agents for therapy, prophylaxis or metaphylaxis, in some instances can seem logical and scientifically based, the usage of antimicrobial agents for growth promotion has been a question of intensive debate for the past decades.

Abstract Simple Summary A previous study into successful international animal welfare management strategy presented the vital need for animal welfare proponents to establish mutual benefits with the livestock industry.

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Defining Animal Rights and Animal Welfare: A Lawyer’s Guide